At least nine people were killed, and another six were wounded in recent violence:
Three people were killed, and another was wounded, when gunmen attacked them on a highway between Balad Ruz and Mandali.
Turkish airstrikes against Kurdish Workers’ Party (P.K.K.) targets in Sulaymaniya left two civilians dead.
A bomb in Khanaqin wounded four soldiers, including a commander.
A policeman was injured during an attack in Muqdadiya.
Four militants were killed during operations near Rashad.