A Nail in Maliki Government’s Coffin?

BAGHDAD – The recent resignations of Iraq’s Army Chief of Staff and several of his council military leaders underscore a continuing decomposition of Iraq’s US-backed government.

Everybody in Iraq – politicians, political analysts, poets, scientists, porters – seems to agree that the US-backed Iraqi government headed by Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki is a total failure.

Security, basic services, and all measurable levels of Iraq’s infrastructure are worse now than under the rule of Saddam Hussein. Nevertheless, the US, Britain and Iran all continue to support this government.

"Politicians in this country are the best at serving their personal interests, and that is what has kept Maliki in power," Amjad Hussein, an Iraqi journalist in Baghdad told IPS. "Wherever I go in Iraq, people complain of the very bad living conditions caused by the wrong policies of this government. Even those who voted for the (Shi’ite) Iraqi coalition bite their fingers in regret for the support they gave to this group of people who have led the country into darkness."

Withdrawals from the government by individual ministers and by political groups was the first sign of the end of al-Maliki’s political life, but the US government has remained insistent on keeping Maliki at the top of Iraq’s leadership.

"I strongly believe that it was American pressure on the al-Tawafuq Sunni group that stopped them from withdrawal from the government," a senior member of al-Tawafuq told IPS on condition of anonymity. "I preferred to clear my conscience and so I have decided to end my political activities. I am looking for a way to take my family across the border for their safety. It is a sin to be a politician in Iraq nowadays."

On Aug. 1 Iraq’s largest Sunni Arab political bloc, the Accordance Front, announced its withdrawal from the splintering government, dealing another huge blow to Maliki’s hopes of maintaining a unity government.

The Front has 44 of parliament’s 275 seats, and its withdrawal from the 14-month-old government is the second such action by a faction. Five ministers loyal to Shi’ite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr quit the government in April to protest Maliki’s reluctance to announce a timetable for the withdrawal of US forces from Iraq.

One of the biggest blows to Maliki has come from the Iraqi army after Major General Babaker Zebari, a Kurd who was army chief of staff, resigned on Jul. 31 to leave for Kurdish controlled northern Iraq. The resignation of Maj. Gen. Zebari was followed by the resignation of nine other generals in protest against "Maliki’s interference with their professional work, and the weakness of the defense minister."

According to some reports Maliki rejected Zebari’s resignation. The regional president of Iraqi Kurdistan, Massoud Barzani, will address the issue with Maliki during an upcoming meeting in Baghdad.

"Only those who have strong ties with Iran will stay with Maliki," one of the nine officers told a source close to IPS. "We would rather be assassinated by death squads than be part of this government that insists on being sectarian and Iranian by all measures."

Prime Minister Maliki is secretary general of the Dawa Party, and was in exile in Iran after leading insurgent groups against former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein.

Relations between Maliki and US officials have also collapsed. Last weekend the Daily Telegraph in London reported that relations between the top US general in Iraq, General David Petraeus, and al-Maliki are so bad that the Iraqi leader made a direct appeal US President to George Bush for removal of Petraeus.

An Iraqi source said Maliki made the appeal to Bush through a video conference for Petraeus’s military strategy of arming Sunni tribal fighters to battle al-Qaeda to be abandoned.

"He told Bush that if Petraeus continues, he would arm Shi’ite militias," the official said. "Bush told Maliki to calm down."

Petraeus’s spokesman Col. Steve Boylan denied these reports, but evidence suggests that Maliki has been allowing Shi’ite militias to arm themselves and control vast areas of Iraq for some time now.

A member of Maliki’s Dawa Party, speaking on condition of anonymity, told IPS that Maliki’s opponent, former prime minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari, is leading a revolt against him and that Maliki is no longer the party’s favorite.

"This American and Iranian made government in Baghdad was brought to power for known reasons," Sheikh Ali Mansoor, a member of the Sunni anti-occupation group the Association of Muslim Scholars told IPS. "They brought in Maliki in order to pass laws that serve American interests, and to guarantee their long-term stay in Iraq. Now he is working for Iran, and Americans are losing Iraq once and for all."

Maliki came to be Prime Minister after political pressure from US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and former British foreign secretary Jack Straw forced former Jaafari to resign.

"They must change the faces again, but who could the replacement be," Dr. Lukman Salim, a physician from Baghdad told IPS. "Americans and Iranians will definitely employ someone who is worse for Iraqis and better for them."

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